Conceptual Richness and Methodological Diversity in Entrepreneurship Research
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Conceptual Richness and Methodological Diversity in Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö, Tonis Mets and Urve Venesaar

This important book identifies the current developments within entrepreneurship that are characterized by conceptual richness and methodological diversity. It presents the latest developments of topics such as the entrepreneurial mindset, culture and values as well as advances in entrepreneurship education and development. The contributors open the field for methodological renewal by introducing the current state of and opportunities for explorative research in entrepreneurship.
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Chapter 4: Could the perception about entrepreneurial culture be explained by demographic variables?

José Carlos Márquez-López, Carmen Guzmán and Francisco Liñán


Entrepreneurial spirit plays a key role as a driving force of innovation, speeding up the venture creation process, and producing new goods and services (Venkataraman, 1997). For this reason, the European Commission and national governments are demanding an increase of entrepreneurial spirit in European countries (European Commission, 2003). In this context, the need to increase the venture creation rate is generally accepted nowadays. It is hoped that this increase will also contribute to the incorporation of technological, organizational, economic and social changes in the productive system that will allow an increasing international competitiveness. This need is more important at present, given the recessionary economic situation and the corresponding upsurge of high unemployment levels.

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