Edited by Frans Pennings and Gijsbert Vonk
Chapter 2: Growing apart together: Solidarity and citizenship in Europe
To provide a glimpse of the contemporary state of play in citizenship’s interaction with social solidarity in Europe, this chapter – following a brief introduction to citizenship’s arbitrary and exclusionary nature and the general dynamics in the development of the notion over the last decades – explores three problematic assumptions behind the popular approaches to the interaction between citizenship and social solidarity. The three points it makes are simple. (1) Citizenship is not necessarily directly connected to social solidarity and social rights. (2) The state is not a necessary arena of social solidarity. (3) Social rights do not require an elusive demos or national unity as a necessary precondition. The EU’s contribution to the complex picture of the framing of social solidarity in Europe is touched upon throughout this contribution. The conclusion is that the relationship between social solidarity and citizenship in the EU follows the global trend in full, rather than breaking it.
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