Edited by Michikazu Kojima and Etsuyo Michida
Chapter 1: Issues relating to the international trade of second-hand goods, recyclable waste, and hazardous waste
Economic integration has progressed considerably in Asia, and most Asian countries have seen an increase in trade dependency, which is calculated as the total value of exports and imports divided by GDP. Economic integration also stimulates economic growth in the region. With deepening economic integration and accelerating economic growth, the international trade of recyclable waste has also increased to fulfill the growing demand for resources. Hazardous wastes are also traded for disposal and recycling. However, the increase in international trade of recyclable waste and hazardous waste consequently generates environmental problems such as unsound disposal practices and pollution from recycling processes. To prevent these problems, various trade regulations have been enacted. In particular, the Basel Convention regulates the trans-boundary movement of hazardous waste, which is defined in the annex of the convention.
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