Market Structure, Sustainability and Decision Making
Edited by Thomas Vanoutrive and Ann Verhetsel
Chapter 11: Smart governance and the management of sustainable mobility: an illustration of the application of policy integration and transition management in the Port of Rotterdam
Transport has many positive characteristics both for the individual user and for society as a whole. This explains why the transport sector, for more then a century now, has experienced an unprecedented growth. At the same time, transport has undesired side-effects. The almost unlimited demand for transport leads to congestion, and at the same time there are other serious concerns related to emissions (at the regional, national and the global levels), safety, health issues, and resource management. These concerns are encompassed in the concept of sustainability and sustainable mobility. Governments and other stakeholders are generally aware that policy measures are needed to find a balance between accessibility and sustainability. This is an enormous challenge, and the question arises: how can this be materialised? The challenge is often presented as the need for policy integration and a transition towards a sustainable transport system and new governance initiatives, such as transition management. The sometimes seemingly opposing goals of accessibility and sustainability are also coming together in the Port of Rotterdam. The port invests in the development of new port capacity, the ‘Second Maasvlakte’ – an extension of the port including large-scale container infrastructure. A major problem related to this port extension is the accessibility of the Second Maasvlakte and the effects on the quality of life in the surrounding urban areas.
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