Market Structure, Sustainability and Decision Making
Edited by Thomas Vanoutrive and Ann Verhetsel
Chapter 12: Stakeholder bias in multi-actor multi-criteria transportation evaluation: issues and solutions
Evaluating and deciding on transport projects is often the background for much debate, controversy and disagreement. Transport project plans can range from infrastructural projects to implementation projects of road pricing or the choice between different transport technologies. Since different points of view have to be brought together – usually from the perspective of sustainable development – distinct evaluation aspects have to be taken into account simultaneously and able to cope with difficult valuations. Furthermore, there are planning issues where several levels of public policy may be involved (local, provincial, regional, state, or European). Decision making in the transport sector normally comprises a number of stakeholders (such as freight forwarders, investors, citizens, industry and so on) who have a vested interest in the ultimate decision. Failure to take these interests into account may lead to a neglect of the evaluation study by policy makers or even to countervailing reactions by the stakeholders (Walker, 2000). Against this background, Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Analysis (MAMCA) is a suitable tool for the evaluation of transport projects (Macharis, 2000; Macharis et al., 2009). It allows us to incorporate explicitly the aims and views of the actors involved, and to structure the manifold dimensions of transport projects.
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