The Elgar Companion to Innovation and Knowledge Creation
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The Elgar Companion to Innovation and Knowledge Creation

Edited by Harald Bathelt, Patrick Cohendet, Sebastian Henn and Laurent Simon

This unique Companion provides a comprehensive overview and critical evaluation of existing conceptualizations and new developments in innovation research. It draws on multiple perspectives of innovation, knowledge and creativity from economics, geography, history, management, political science and sociology. The Companion brings together leading scholars to reflect upon innovation as a concept (Part I), innovation and institutions (Part II), innovation and creativity (Part III), innovation, networking and communities (Part IV), innovation in permanent spatial settings (Part V), innovation in temporary, virtual and open settings (Part VI), innovation, entrepreneurship and market making (Part VII), and the governance and management of innovation (Part VIII).
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Chapter 22: Industrial clusters in global networks

Elisa Giuliani


Industrial clusters are known globally for the power of their local connections. Yet, external openness and connections to global knowledge and innovation networks are also relevant for industrial clusters to avoid phenomena of entropic death and negative lock-in and to allow local competencies to be nurtured by knowledge flows from non-local sources. This chapter aims to provide an overview on three strands of scholarly research that have contributed to understanding different dimensions of a cluster’s openness to global networks and its impacts on innovation. The chapter discusses international development studies on global value chains, international business (and connected international and development economics) research on technological spillovers of multinational enterprises and, finally, geography of innovation perspectives and work in economic geography on technological gatekeepers in industrial clusters. The chapter concludes by integrating these three strands of literature and proposing an agenda for future research.

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