Research Handbook on Transnational Labour Law
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Research Handbook on Transnational Labour Law

Edited by Adelle Blackett and Anne Trebilcock

The editors’ substantive introduction and the specially commissioned chapters in the Handbook explore the emergence of transnational labour law as a field, along with its contested contours. The expansion of traditional legal methods, such as treaties, is juxtaposed with the proliferation of contemporary alternatives such as indicators, framework agreements and consumer-led initiatives. Key international and regional institutions are studied for their coverage of such classic topics as freedom of association, equality, and sectoral labour standard-setting, as well as for the space they provide for dialogue. The volume underscores transnational labour law’s capacity to build bridges, including on migration, climate change and development.
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Chapter 7: Structural adjustment, economic governance and social policy in a regional context: The case of the Eurozone crisis

Zoe Adams and Simon Deakin


Beginning in the 1980s, structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) were widely used in the developing world as instruments of economic policy. Imposed by the international financial institutions—primarily the International Monetary Fund (IMF)—as a condition of financial support for countries facing high levels of public debt, SAPs quickly became the basis on which to apply policies of deregulation and privatization. Since the onset of the financial crisis of 2008, policies similar to SAPs are now also being applied in the developed world, above all in Europe in response to the risk of sovereign default in several European Union (EU) member states. Economic adjustment programmes (EAPs) have led to wage cuts, decentralization of collective bargaining, and greater selectivity in employment protection and social security. The rigidity of the core EU institutions and practices—notably the single monetary policy adopted by the economic and monetary union (EMU) in the Maastricht Treaty—made the 2008 crisis particularly difficult for the EU to weather. Until this systemic flaw is recognized and addressed, austerity measures are likely to continue to be seen as the appropriate response to a crisis framed in terms of fiscal irresponsibility.

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