Edited by Karin Bäckstrand and Eva Lövbrand
Chapter 35: Climate policy instruments
A great number of policy instruments have been developed or proposed within the environmental sector, with the ambition to mitigate climate change by changing social choice mechanisms and thus initiating collective action in this regard. The effectiveness and efficiency of a policy instrument directed towards individual behaviors is, however, partially determined by the level of general public support the chosen instrument enjoys. On an aggregated level, public policy support determines policy choice and can thus explain the eligibility of specific instruments in specific contexts. On an individual level, policy support can help account for compliance and long-term stability of the policy. This chapter discusses the mechanisms behind public support for climate policy instruments and proposes a model of individual policy attitudes that account for and combines three broad elements that have been particularly emphasized throughout previous research: (1) moral-normative factors such values, beliefs and personal norms driving general environmental attitudes and behavior; (2) beliefs about the attributes of a specific policy instrument; and (3) interpersonal and institutional trust.
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