The Internationalisation of Business R & D
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The Internationalisation of Business R & D

Edited by Bernhard Dachs, Robert Stehrer and Georg Zahradnik

It has become clear that over the past few decades enterprises not only produce and sell abroad but increasingly also develop goods and services outside their home countries; a development now known as the internationalisation of business R & D. This book presents a comprehensive picture of the current state of internationalisation of R & D in the business sector.
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Chapter 4: R & D Internationalisation across Countries and over Time

Georg Zahradnik


R & D internationalisation is a highly idiosyncratic process and differs considerably between countries, sectors, and over time (OECD 2008; Hall 2010). This chapter investigates variations in the degree of R & D internationalisation across countries and over time. The first section looks at differences in R & D expenditure of foreign-owned firms (inward BERD) across countries and over time to identify the countries which are most internationalised. The following section gives insights in the shares of various home countries in total inward BERD of the EU countries. In particular, we focus on the question in which countries EU- or non-EU firms have the largest share on inward BERD and look at the most important investor country for each EU country. The following section proceeds with a cross-country analysis of the existing outward BERD data. Finally, we take a first look on the global perspective of R & D internationalisation which will be further investigated in the following chapters.

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