The Internationalisation of Business R & D
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The Internationalisation of Business R & D

Edited by Bernhard Dachs, Robert Stehrer and Georg Zahradnik

It has become clear that over the past few decades enterprises not only produce and sell abroad but increasingly also develop goods and services outside their home countries; a development now known as the internationalisation of business R & D. This book presents a comprehensive picture of the current state of internationalisation of R & D in the business sector.
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Chapter 5: R & D Internationalisation in Belgium, the Czech Republic and Switzerland

Franziska Kampik, Sandra Leitner and Georg Zahradnik


This chapter takes a closer look at of R & D internationalisation in three countries: Belgium, the Czech Republic and Switzerland. All three are small open economies in Europe with a considerable share of exports and inward foreign direct investment; the previous chapter has shown that this type of country benefited most from R & D internationalisation since the year 2000. Belgium and the Czech Republic are indeed among the most internationalised countries in the world in terms of inward BERD; foreign-owned firms account for more than 50 percent on total business R & D in these countries. Switzerland, in addition, is also home to a number of large multinational firms which have generated considerable outward BERD in recent years. For all three countries, we will examine in detail the development of inward BERD over time, its sectoral distribution, the countries of origins of inward BERD, and the development of outward BERD if available.

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