Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility
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Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility

Edited by Neil Lunt, Daniel Horsfall and Johanna Hanefeld

The growth of international travel for purposes of medical treatment has been accompanied by increased academic research and analysis. This Handbook explores the emergence of medical travel and patient mobility and the implications for patients and health systems. Bringing together leading scholars and analysts from across the globe, this unprecedented Handbook examines the regional and national experiences of medical tourism, including coverage of the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. The chapters explore topics on issues of risk, law and ethics; and include treatment-focused discussions which highlight patient decision-making, patient experience and treatment outcomes for cosmetic, transplantation, dentil, fertility and bariatric treatment.
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Chapter 39: Putting the thermal back into medical tourism

Melanie Smith, László Puczkó and Ivett Sziva


This chapter explores some of the definitional and practical challenges surrounding health and medical tourism and travel, arguing that thermal bath tourism which is based on medical or healing waters should be included in medical tourism definitions. In many countries of the world, thermal baths continue to be supported by governments and doctors as a resource for medical tourism. Mineral-rich healing thermal waters are used by patients as part of their therapy, treatment or rehabiliation. This includes Central and Eastern European countries, Baltic States, Russian-speaking countries, and many countries which have hot springs which were or could be used for healing purposes, for example South Africa, Japan and China. The chapter draws on the authors’ research using a health tourism survey of 420 operators. This showed that after destination spas, spas that have natural healing resources are becoming the most popular facility for international tourists and that therapies using natural resources with proven benefit (e.g. water, mud) are the most popular activities. Several examples are provided including a more in-depth case study of Hungary, which was selected because it contains such a high concentration of thermal waters that are used extensively for medical purposes.

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