ICT for Transport
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ICT for Transport

Opportunities and Threats

Edited by Nikolas Thomopoulos, Mosche Givoni and Piet Rietveld

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are rapidly evolving and taking centre stage in everyday life in the 21st century alongside the increasing importance and value of information. This is particularly evident in the transport sector where ICT is greatly influencing our mobility and travel choices as well as travel experiences. With this background, this book provides evidence regarding the opportunities, threats, underlying principles and practical issues faced when deploying ICT for transport applications. By focusing on infrastructure, people and processes, the contributors to this book illustrate the challenges for academics, practitioners and policy makers alike through diverse case studies from across the world.
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Chapter 8: ICT and planning for increased cycling in Europe – now and tomorrow

Pelle Envall


This chapter explores how ICT can be used to improve the practice of transport planning for cycling. A new understanding of cycling behaviour and preferences is presented using GPS data. This can also be used to help evaluate the quality of urban transport systems from a cycling point of view. The chapter presents findings from a number of sub-studies within the Swedish research programme CyCity: from car-oriented to cycle-oriented cities. Also discussed are potential opportunities for more widespread use of GPS data for informing cycle planning, and even threats. GPS data from cyclists was gathered as part of CyCity and used for the development of new software for analysing cyclists’ travel behaviour and preferences. Linköping in Sweden and Ljubljana in Slovenia were the subjects of the data collection programme. These two cities have different types of cycling infrastructure and cycling modal share. One conclusion of the study is that cyclists’ GPS data is a powerful source for analysing the quality of urban transport networks, and secondly, that the use of GPS devices has the potential to cut costs for data collection and analysis. The quality of the GPS data collected was generally deemed as good or fair; however, potential limitations exist regarding the quality of GPS data when collected in dense urban areas. This needs to be considered when choosing an appropriate GPS device for recording cycle routes, and in turn makes the use of specialist software a necessity for analysing such data.

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