Opportunities and Threats
Edited by Nikolas Thomopoulos, Mosche Givoni and Piet Rietveld
Chapter 11: A critical overview of ICT deployment in transport in Europe
The chapter aims to serve the overall goals of the book by providing a sound collection of successful ICT implementations, barriers that prohibit the wider ICT deployment, as well as recommendations to tackle these barriers and to accelerate the take-up of advanced technologies in Europe. In this respect, threats and opportunities are directly addressed. The chapter also includes useful background information about European transport policy, with clear emphasis on ICT for transport, and the key stakeholders involved in the promotion of ICT in transport in Europe. Overall, 70 good practices have been reviewed on three different levels, those of transport sector, transport mode and thematic area. All 70 of them have been critically reviewed using specific criteria defined for that purpose, such as impacts of each ITS implementation, level of user acceptance and degree of penetration in the transport modes. Fifteen of these good practices have undergone a more thorough analysis. Several interesting findings related to ITS deployment across Europe have been derived, such as the vast majority of ITS applications implemented for road transport (64 per cent), following the predominance of road transport movements, and the use of Variable Message Signs on the Slovenian highways, where there has been a reduction of approximately 18 per cent in traffic accidents.
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