Linking Employee and Organizational Health
Edited by Ronald J. Burke and Astrid M. Richardsen
Chapter 2: Changing environmental conditions impacting health – a focus on organizations
Environmental factors impact heavily on individual well-being. A clear example of environmental influences on health is the relation between social economic status and health, which also constitutes a challenge when it comes to changing these influences to promote health. Indeed, the ecological approach to health education and health promotion (Green and Kreuter, 2005) views health, which is defined as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease (WHO, 1948, p. 100), not only as a function of individuals but also of the environments in which individuals are embedded, including family, social networks, organizations, community, and public policies. A focus on mental and physical well-being only at the level of the individual is therefore not sufficient; individuals live and act in social and physical environments. These environments can influence decision-making processes with regard to personal well-being, as evidenced, for example, in the role of social influence processes in making lifestyle choices. These environments can also contain direct threats to individual health, which becomes clear in epidemiological analyses of exposure to physical dangers in relation to safety and health issues, but also in psychological studies that assess the impact of work-related factors on stress and burnout, and the extent to which people have access to effective coping mechanisms. At the same time, social and physical environments can be targeted to promote individual health, which is the focus of the present chapter.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.