Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies
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Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies

Towards Better Models

Edited by Stefan Kuhlmann and Gonzalo Ordóñez-Matamoros

Although in recent years some emerging economies have improved their performance in terms of R & D investment, outputs and innovative capacity, these countries are still blighted by extreme poverty, inequality and social exclusion. Hence, emerging countries are exposed to conditions which differ quite substantially from the dominant OECD model of innovation policy for development and welfare. This Research Handbook contributes to the debate by looking at how innovation theory, policy and practice interact, and explains different types of configurations in countries that are characterized by two contrasting but mutually reinforcing features: systemic failure and resourcefulness. Focusing on innovation governance and public policies, it aims to understand related governance failures and to explore options for alternative, more efficient approaches.
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Chapter 11: Policy spree or policy paralysis: an evaluation of India’s efforts at encouraging firm-level innovative activities

Sunil Mani


India has been on a policy spree attempting to increase the level of innovations by domestic firms. For this the government has announced a series of policies both at the aggregate level and across specific sectors. The chapter undertakes a survey of various policies and focuses its attention on two specific policy instruments, enunciated first to subsidize R & D and second to improve the articulation of intellectual property rights so that firms are able to improve their R & D efforts. Analysis of the policy outcomes shows us that investment in R & D has been concentrated in a few industrial sectors, and there is ambiguous evidence regarding the improvement of R & D performance.

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