Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies
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Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies

Towards Better Models

Edited by Stefan Kuhlmann and Gonzalo Ordóñez-Matamoros

Although in recent years some emerging economies have improved their performance in terms of R & D investment, outputs and innovative capacity, these countries are still blighted by extreme poverty, inequality and social exclusion. Hence, emerging countries are exposed to conditions which differ quite substantially from the dominant OECD model of innovation policy for development and welfare. This Research Handbook contributes to the debate by looking at how innovation theory, policy and practice interact, and explains different types of configurations in countries that are characterized by two contrasting but mutually reinforcing features: systemic failure and resourcefulness. Focusing on innovation governance and public policies, it aims to understand related governance failures and to explore options for alternative, more efficient approaches.
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Chapter 12: Nigeria’s STI policy and the dilemma of implementation

Adesina Ayobami Oyewale, Boladale Abiola Adebowale and Williams Owolabi Siyanbola

Abstract

Though on an ad hoc basis, implementation of science and technology (S & T) projects and programmes commenced in Nigeria during the colonial era. Starting from 1966, successive post-independence governments established various structural S & T organs to coordinate various S & T activities in the country. Nigeria’s first explicit S & T policy was formulated in 1986 and has been reviewed three times: in 1997, 2003 and 2012. The latest version is designated science, technology and innovation (STI) policy to reflect the government’s renewed commitment to research and innovation. We note however, with dissatisfaction, the weak implementation of the policies as typified by little or no impact of the policies on the Nigerian economy. In this chapter, we ascribe this, in part, to the limited interactions between government, industry and S & T research systems. By and large, the weak S & T policy implementation in Nigeria is traceable to historical, institutional, structural, cultural and political factors. Most often rooted in inadequate policy formulation processes, implementation of the policy is commonly plagued with the absence of STI physical infrastructures, capital goods producers, and policy-implementing institutions or agencies, the non-integration of S & T policy with other cognate policies, and fairly frequent policy somersaults. In contrast, commencing with more inclusive policy formulation processes, the new STI policy addressed these challenges and more. The chapter therefore concludes that its full implementation would result in mutually beneficial interactions and promote an effective innovation policy dance in the country.

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