Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies
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Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies

Towards Better Models

Edited by Stefan Kuhlmann and Gonzalo Ordóñez-Matamoros

Although in recent years some emerging economies have improved their performance in terms of R & D investment, outputs and innovative capacity, these countries are still blighted by extreme poverty, inequality and social exclusion. Hence, emerging countries are exposed to conditions which differ quite substantially from the dominant OECD model of innovation policy for development and welfare. This Research Handbook contributes to the debate by looking at how innovation theory, policy and practice interact, and explains different types of configurations in countries that are characterized by two contrasting but mutually reinforcing features: systemic failure and resourcefulness. Focusing on innovation governance and public policies, it aims to understand related governance failures and to explore options for alternative, more efficient approaches.
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Chapter 16: Foundations and philanthropic organizations in the development of new science and technology: the case of micro-and nanotechnology in Mexico

Eduardo Robles-Belmont and Dominique Vinck

Abstract

The emerging science and technologies are accompanied by new dynamics in the production, use and dissemination of knowledge. In innovation processes we find new dynamics also where, through the processes of mutual learning, the actors achieve the performance of new functions. This chapter focuses on the study of development of microtechnologies in Mexico, where we observed the presence of an actor that is not taken into account by theoretical models on technological change and innovation processes. This actor is the Mexico–United States Foundation for Science, a non-governmental organization with philanthropic origins, which has played important roles in the development of microtechnologies in Mexico. Our observations lead us to question how to model the relationships among different organizations involved in the production, use and dissemination of new knowledge. This study aims to show how, in the new dynamics of technological development, different organizations from those that traditionally participate are fulfilling new functions in those processes. This results in a different arrangement among the organizations participating in scientific and technological systems, where each body fulfils one or a number of functions and this joint arrangement ensures the functioning of the system.

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