Exploring the Entrepreneurial Society
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Exploring the Entrepreneurial Society

Institutions, Behaviors and Outcomes

Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Domingo García-Pérez-De-Lema

Entrepreneurship is the engine of economic development, which in turn impacts upon the challenges facing future entrepreneurs. This timely book explores institutional, behavioural and policy issues of primary importance to understanding the entrepreneurial society. Topics covered include entrepreneurship in relation to formal and informal institutions; entrepreneurial choice, orientation and success; entrepreneurial behaviours; entrepreneurial finance, growth and economic crises; and entrepreneurship, social dimensions and outcomes.
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Chapter 2: Hofstede’s cultural dimensions and modes of entry into entrepreneurship

Joern H. Block and Sascha G. Walter

Abstract

The authors explore the effect of national culture on the mode of entry into entrepreneurship: namely starting versus taking over a business. Adopting an aggregate trait approach, they hypothesize that individualism and masculinity favour starting a business, whereas uncertainty avoidance and power distance (acceptance of hierarchy) favour taking over a business. Unexpectedly, their results suggest that people in countries with a relatively high power distance are less willing to opt for business takeovers rather than starting new ventures. An explanation for this could be sought in the reaction to an ‘un-entrepreneurial’ culture.

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