Exploring the Entrepreneurial Society
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Exploring the Entrepreneurial Society

Institutions, Behaviors and Outcomes

Edited by Jean Bonnet, Marcus Dejardin and Domingo García-Pérez-De-Lema

Entrepreneurship is the engine of economic development, which in turn impacts upon the challenges facing future entrepreneurs. This timely book explores institutional, behavioural and policy issues of primary importance to understanding the entrepreneurial society. Topics covered include entrepreneurship in relation to formal and informal institutions; entrepreneurial choice, orientation and success; entrepreneurial behaviours; entrepreneurial finance, growth and economic crises; and entrepreneurship, social dimensions and outcomes.
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Chapter 12: How to explain gender differences in self-employment ratios: towards a socioeconomic approach

Dieter Bögenhold and Uwe Fachinger


Business ownership and self-employment are increasing dramatically among women, raising the question of motives behind this development. Is it driven by necessity, or does it reflect new modes of labour market integration and a strategy for women to achieve a better work–life balance? Combining conceptual thoughts with the exploitation of German Microcensus data over the period 1989–2009, Dieter Bögenhold and Uwe Fachinger explore the possible influence of personal, household and labour market characteristics in a family context on the probability of being self-employed. The labour market integration of women through self-employment appears highly contextual, with the occurrence of multiple factors related to the family life.

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