Planning, Design and Implementation
Edited by Danielle Sinnett, Nicholas Smith and Sarah Burgess
Chapter 12: Multifunctional green infrastructure: a typology
The term green infrastructure encompasses a broad range of spaces and other vegetated elements. These may include, for example, individual street trees, green roofs and walls, green corridors, through to amenity spaces, parks and gardens, and spaces for water management. These should, ideally, come together to form a network of connected and complementary features that deliver a range of ecosystem services. This chapter explores the types of green infrastructure that comprise this network based on their form and function. This typology is further developed to consider the characteristics of green infrastructure including management, size and scale, ownership and use. The different functions that each type of green infrastructure may be expected to provide are then presented, categorised as social and cultural, ecological or economic functions, although the multifunctional nature of most types of green infrastructure is emphasised. Finally, it looks at how this multifunctional green infrastructure can be achieved, arguing that this needs to be considered from the design stage and at all spatial scales if a strategic network is to be delivered.
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