Research Handbook on Corporate Social Responsibility in Context
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Research Handbook on Corporate Social Responsibility in Context

Edited by Anders Örtenblad

Is corporate social responsibility (CSR) a universal idea? Is the same exact definition of CSR relevant for any organization, regardless of context? Or would such a definition need to be adapted to fit different types of organizations, in different cultures, industries and sectors? This book discusses how CSR preferably should be practiced in various generalized contexts. Experts share their knowledge on whether a broad definition of CSR can be practiced as is or if it first has to undergo changes, in as various generalized contexts as Buddhist and Islamic organizations, developing countries, the food processing industry, the shipping industry, and the pharmaceutical industry.
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Chapter 11: Corporate social responsibility in the ready made garments industry in Bangladesh

Fara Azmat and Mohammed Ziaul Haque


Using Moon’s definition, this chapter critically examines the state of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Ready Made Garments (RMG) industry in Bangladesh, which has experienced phenomenal growth and is the most important source of revenue for this country. However, these achievements are often overshadowed by the non- compliance of CSR in this labor-intensive industry where multinational corporations (MNCs) and other foreign buyers dictate the terms. This chapter offers a critical analysis of the gap between the rhetoric and reality of CSR. Our findings suggest that all the seven aspects of CSR proposed by Moon are relevant in the RMG industry but only a few are being partially practiced, which is not conducive to the sustainability of this industry. On the basis of the literature and secondary data analysis, this chapter argues for an integrated approach involving all the stakeholders to resolve the tensions revolving around the compliance requirement for CSR in the RMG industry in Bangladesh.

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