Active Inclusion and Challenges for Local Welfare Governance
Edited by Martin Heidenreich and Deborah Rice
Chapter 4: Activation policy in a fragmented welfare system: the case of Poland
In Chapter 4 on Poland, Sławomir Mandes casts a new light on the ongoing debate on the local governance of activation in Poland. Departing from a detailed overview of the Polish employment and social assistance system, Mandes presents case studies of three Polish cities, and discusses why a local coordination of employment and social policies is difficult owing to a hierarchical governance tradition, a lack of inter-ministerial collaboration at the national level and local governments’ strong sense of autonomy. Even funding from the European Social Fund is seen by Mandes as creating only temporary platforms for multidimensional and multi-stakeholder service coordination at the Polish local level. Mandes’s chapter concludes with a discussion of resource scarcity as a factor inhibiting the provision of individualized services to vulnerable groups of the unemployed at street level.
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