Active Inclusion and Challenges for Local Welfare Governance
Edited by Martin Heidenreich and Deborah Rice
Chapter 9: The local usages of Europe in social cohesion policies: a comparative analysis
In Chapter 9 on the local usages of European resources, Serida L. Catalano and Paolo R. Graziano analyse whether and to what extent the EU affects the delivery of activation policies at the local level. Focusing on cognitive, strategic and legitimating usages of legal, financial, cognitive/normative, political and institutional EU resources, the authors find that strategic usages and direct/indirect financial resources (such as money from the European Social Fund or financial constraints) are by far the most crucial EU resources at the European local level. However, there also seems to be some variation between countries: while economically healthy regions make less use of EU funds in Sweden, Germany and Italy, less country-internal differentiation is observed in the UK, France and Poland. Another core finding of Catalano and Graziano’s chapter is that not only national settings, but also local political-administrative features (such as leadership and know-how) play an important role in explaining local actors’ willingness to use EU resources.
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