Handbook of Research on Work–Life Balance in Asia
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Handbook of Research on Work–Life Balance in Asia

Edited by Luo Lu and Cary Cooper

In Asian societies, work and family issues are only recently beginning to gain attention. The pressure of rapid social change and increasing global competition is compounded by the long hours work culture, especially in the Pan-Confucian societies such as Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. Furthermore, with the rising female labor participation, more and more Asian employees are now caught between the demands of work and family life.
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Chapter 8: Relationships between work–family conflict, gender-role attitude and job burnout

Yuan Li and Jianmin Sun


With the increasing number of dual-earner households, work–family conflict has become more and more apparent and results in negative consequences, such as job burnout. This study examines the mechanism in the effect of work–family conflict (namely, work–family interference) on job burnout and explores the relationships among gender-role attitude, work–family conflict, and job burnout. Results indicate that when work interferes with family, greater work–family conflict induces higher job burnout (namely, higher emotional exhaustion, reduced personal accomplishment and depersonalization). The positive relationship between work–family conflict and job burnout is stronger for individuals who have an equal gender-role attitude than for those who have a traditional gender-role attitude. This study demonstrates the importance of gender-role attitude and enriches the empirical study of work–family issues. Implications for management practices and limitations of this study are discussed.

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