The Trajectory of Differentiation in EU Law
Edited by Bruno De Witte, Andrea Ott and Ellen Vos
Differentiation was at first not perceived as a threat to the European project, but rather as a tool to promote further integration. Today, more EU policies than ever are marked by concentric circles of integration and a lack of uniform application. As the EU faces increasingly existential challenges, this timely book considers whether the proliferation of mechanisms of flexibility has contributed to this newly fragile state or whether, to the contrary, differentiation has been fundamental to integration despite the heterogeneity of national interests and priorities.
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- Between Flexibility and Disintegration
- Chapter 1: Variable geometry and differentiation as structural features of the EU legal order
- Chapter 2: Competing models for understanding differentiated integration
- Chapter 3: Enhanced cooperation: the Cinderella of differentiated integration
- Chapter 4: Modes of flexibility: framework legislation v ‘soft’ law
- Chapter 5: Differentiated representation: is a flexible European Parliament desirable?
- Chapter 6: Differentiation through accession law: free movement rights in an enlarged European Union
- Chapter 7: Flexibility and differentiation: a plea for allowing national differentiation in the fundamental rights domain
- Chapter 8: Differentiated integration in EMU
- Chapter 9: Differentiated integration in the field of economic and monetary policy and the use of ‘(semi-)extra’ Union legal instruments – the case for ‘inter se Treaty amendments’
- Chapter 10: European Banking Union and the EU single financial market: more differentiated integration, or disintegration?
- Chapter 11: The financial transaction tax project
- Chapter 12: Differentiated integration or uniform regime? National derogations from EU internal market measures
- Chapter 13: Flexibility in EU environmental law and policy: a response to complexity, or fig leaf for expediency?
- Chapter 14: The perils of differentiated integration in the field of asylum
- Chapter 15: Between flexibility and disintegration in EU criminal law
- Chapter 16: Foreign policy between opt-outs and closer cooperation
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