Youth, Diversity and Employment
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Youth, Diversity and Employment

Comparative Perspectives on Labour Market Policies

Edited by Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden

Including youth in the labour market is a major challenge facing many European countries. This book examines the transitions from education to employment with a focus on Nordic youth in the broader European context. The book combines insights from the social sciences and law by linking the challenges facing young people in general and the more specific barriers facing the more vulnerable groups of young people. Youth, Diversity and Employment provides original insights on the interdependencies or interaction between redistributive and regulatory social policies.
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Chapter 3: Youth labour market outsiderness: The ‘Nordic model’ compared with Britain and Germany

Martin Seeleib-Kaiser and Thees F. Spreckelsen


This chapter first investigates whether a ‘Nordic’ model exists with regard to youth labour market outsiderness, if compared to labour market outcomes in Britain and Germany. Second, the chapter examines how differences of youth labour market outsiderness in the Nordic countries, Germany and Britain are compounded by different types of outsiderness and gender differences. The authors analyse distributions of outsiders, their educational attainment, and time since having left school across countries defined by three welfare and education regimes. The analyses demonstrate that youth outsiderness in all countries affects women more than men. There seems to be no consistent Nordic regime when it comes to youth labour market outsiderness. Clear differences emerged when looking at the countries individually. By contrast, dualization characterizes Britain and Germany, which is consistent with previous research and theoretical expectations.

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