Youth, Diversity and Employment
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Youth, Diversity and Employment

Comparative Perspectives on Labour Market Policies

Edited by Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden

Including youth in the labour market is a major challenge facing many European countries. This book examines the transitions from education to employment with a focus on Nordic youth in the broader European context. The book combines insights from the social sciences and law by linking the challenges facing young people in general and the more specific barriers facing the more vulnerable groups of young people. Youth, Diversity and Employment provides original insights on the interdependencies or interaction between redistributive and regulatory social policies.
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Chapter 5: Minority ethnic youth in the Nordic labour market: Policy responses and outcomes

Susan Niknami, Lena Schröder and Eskil Wadensjö


This chapter asks whether the labour market situation of minority ethnic youth improved or deteriorated during the 2000s, and whether there is evidence that major policy reforms since 2000 made a difference. As a first step toward such knowledge, this chapter analyses how the employment opportunities for minority ethnic youth have developed and how these developments differ between diverse categories of minority ethnic youth in four Nordic countries. The NEET (not in employment, education or training) rates are the highest for the foreign born and lowest for the native born with native-born parents in all countries. The differences are increasing with age, indicating that minority ethnic youth face more obstacles to being included in the labour market than into the school system. Except for Sweden, young women born in a non-Western country are more at risk of being NEET than their male peers.

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