Youth, Diversity and Employment
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Youth, Diversity and Employment

Comparative Perspectives on Labour Market Policies

Edited by Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden

Including youth in the labour market is a major challenge facing many European countries. This book examines the transitions from education to employment with a focus on Nordic youth in the broader European context. The book combines insights from the social sciences and law by linking the challenges facing young people in general and the more specific barriers facing the more vulnerable groups of young people. Youth, Diversity and Employment provides original insights on the interdependencies or interaction between redistributive and regulatory social policies.
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Chapter 6: A new approach to promoting youth inclusion in the labour market? Disability in the Nordic welfare states

Rune Halvorsen, Bjørn Hvinden, Susan Kuivalainen and Mi Ah Schoyen


In the 2000s, the Nordic countries have been among the European countries with the highest share of young disability benefit recipients. An important question is therefore whether recent reforms of social protection policies in the Nordic countries have improved the employment prospects of young adults with disabilities. We address this question by looking at what implications income maintenance schemes, services and social regulations have for employment of disabled youth. We show that since the late 1990s, social protection policies have shifted in composition and balance between different types of policy instruments. Through a comparison of national policies, we offer an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of existing Nordic approaches and the scope for policy learning across the Nordic countries and beyond.

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