Comparative Perspectives on Labour Market Policies
Edited by Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden
Chapter 8: Social networks, recruitment strategies and the ambiguities of employment activation programmes: Perspectives of employers and vulnerable youth
This chapter examines factors contributing to a successful transition to and inclusion in the labour market for minority ethnic youth and youth with disabilities in Iceland. The analysis is based on a qualitative interview study with minority ethnic youth and youth with disabilities in the 16–30 age range, as well as employers and labour market activation professionals. The data demonstrate that formal social regulation played an important role in employment outcomes. However, the outcomes were also dependent on a number of informal mechanisms and the nature of employment in question. Social networks appeared to be a key factor common to both minority ethnic youth and youth with disabilities. People of minority ethnic background often found employment as a result of their network of friends and family. In contrast, the factors for success for youth with disabilities tended to depend more upon activation counsellors, supported employment programmes and wage subsidies.
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