Handbook of Research Methods in Diversity Management, Equality and Inclusion at Work
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Handbook of Research Methods in Diversity Management, Equality and Inclusion at Work

Edited by Lize A.E. Booysen, Regine Bendl and Judith K. Pringle

Equality, diversity and inclusion (EDI) have become features of organizations as a result of both legal and societal advances, as well as neoliberal economic reasoning and considerations. Current research approaches frequently fall short of addressing the challenges faced in EDI research, and this benchmark Handbook brings up to date coverage of research methods in EDI, and advances the development of research in the field.
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Chapter 22: Drawing from the margins: grounded theory research designand EDI studies

Elizabeth L. Holloway and Harriet L. Schwartz

Abstract

This chapter reviews relevant GTM studies, and illuminates the method’s capacity to explicate organizational hegemony, intersectionality in the workplace, and often silenced and unheard voices and experiences. We contend that GTM has the capability to explore social processes of inclusion and exclusion, the conditions under which these processes emerge and the impact of such processes on the social experience. We discuss in detail the iterative processes and components of GTM that contribute to honoring the experience of marginalized groups. We offer a figure to help researchers understand GTM application and the critical decisions scholars encounter in research. Several elements of this method sensitize researchers to their implicit bias: positionality, pre-conversations, diverse coding teams, reflexive memoing, and checking interpretive findings and reporting out to participants and relevant community members. Grounded theory methodology’s focus on a conceptual understanding of social phenomenon can lead to theory building grounded in the particular human experience of exclusion and inclusion.

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