Edited by Steven A. Peterson and Albert Somit
Chapter 21: Genetic modification of food: a comparative examination of policy environments
Since the 1990s, policymakers in industrialized countries have responded differently to the emergence of genetic modification of agricultural food production in terms of regulatory frameworks. In fact, a biotechnology policy divide has emerged since the 1990s between North America and some countries in South America on the one hand, and many countries in the European Union. While some regulatory adjustments have been proposed in the United States to reflect the increasing skepticism regarding genetically modified food, policymakers within the Food and Drug Administration have continued to encourage the advancement of genetically engineered food. In contrast, the consistent suspicion of genetically modified food as something unnatural coincided with the Europeans’ less favorable assessment of engineered food products and a much more stringent regulatory framework compared to the United States. In other countries like Brazil, a rather inconsistent regulatory framework regarding genetically modified foods has emerged. With that in mind, this study examines the respective policy environments governing the regulation of genetically modified foods in the United States, Brazil and the European Union.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.