An overview of the world’s mining and utilities
The mining and utilities sectors are an important factor in industrial activities and represent very distinct types of production and related services. The sectors comprise mining, quarrying activities and production, as well as the supply of electricity, gas and water, which are broadly referred to as utilities. Mining and quarrying activities produce essential raw materials for further processing by the manufacturing industry, while the products of the utilities sector are directly supplied to consumers. Mining and quarrying belong to the primary industry which produces goods through the extraction of minerals that occur naturally such as solids (coal and ores), liquids (petroleum) or gases (natural gas), as well as through the quarrying of stone, sand, clay and various other materials. The distinct nature of these activities is that the utilities sector’s products, such as electrical power, natural gas and water, are supplied to consumers via a permanent infrastructure of lines, mains and pipes. The scope of these activities in the context of industrial statistics has expanded over the years. The latest revisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) include new activities in the utilities sector, such as the supply of hot water, steam and air-conditioning.
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