Research Handbook on State Aid in the Banking Sector
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Research Handbook on State Aid in the Banking Sector

Edited by François-Charles Laprévote, Joanna Gray and Francesco De Cecco

The Research Handbook on State Aid in the Banking Sector brings together experts in state aid and in financial regulation, drawn from legal academia, legal practice, economics, and from the EU and EEA institutions to shed light on this relationship. The editors and expert contributors do this by elucidating key concepts that underpin the application of state aid law to banks, and by considering specific aspects of the interface between state aid and financial regulation. The Research Handbook's analysis is complemented by a number of key country-based case studies, and by a concluding section which takes stock of the Banking Union’s package of legislative/regulatory reforms and reflects on the possible future role of state aid in this sector.
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Chapter 8: Crisis aid to banks in Germany

Sven Frisch


The financial crisis hit Germany’s banking industry early and severely. But closer analysis reveals that Germany’s banking crisis was peculiarly asymmetric due to the country’s highly segregated three-pillar banking model, and to the differentiated business models, degrees of exposure to international financial markets, and reliance on interbank borrowing, that it entailed. These idiosyncrasies played a major role in shaping the three phases of Germany’s response to that crisis, from the early ad hoc aid measures designed to rescue the banks most heavily exposed to the subprime crisis, through the implementation of a comprehensive scheme to stabilise banks faced with liquidity issues, to the creation of a bad bank to tackle the most severely and persistently affected banks.

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