Edited by Davide Geneletti
Chapter 20: Strengthening biodiversity and ecosystem services in impact assessment for better decisions
The contributions to the Handbook on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Impact Assessment illustrated the different ways in which information on biodiversity and ecosystem services can permeate different types of impact assessment, across many planning and policy sectors. The variety of case studies described in the Handbook provided examples of how this information is used to improve decision-making at all levels, from strategic choices to individual projects. This final chapter aims at summarizing some of the overarching lessons drawn from the Handbook. These lessons are articulated into two sections: addressing analyses and frameworks respectively. The first section presents an overview of the innovative methods, and the associated challenges, that have been proposed in the Handbook to improve impact analyses. The second section expands the perspective and discuss the new or enriched frameworks that emerge from the different chapters, and the way in which they contribute to better decisions, by enhancing the consideration of biodiversity and ecosystem services in impact assessment. The chapters of this Handbook highlighted the diversity of approaches that are being developed to strengthen the consideration of biodiversity and ecosystem services in impact assessment. They also demonstrated their applicability in different contexts and sectors the world over. It is my hope that this Handbook will help practitioners and researchers to improve the practice of this evolving field, and contribute to better decisions about the use of our lands and waters.
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