Handbook of Empirical Research on Islam and Economic Life
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Handbook of Empirical Research on Islam and Economic Life

Edited by M. Kabir Hassan

In Islamic jurisprudence, a comprehensive ethic has been formulated governing how business and commerce should be run, how accountability to God and the community is to be achieved, and how banking and finance is to be arranged. This Handbook examines how well these values are translated into actual performance. It explores whether those holding true to the system are hindered and put at a disadvantage or whether the Islamic institutions have been able to demonstrate that faith-based activities can be rewarding, both economically and spiritually.
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Chapter 16: Macroeconomic shocks and Islamic bank behavior in Turkey

Ahmet Faruk Aysan, Mustafa Disli, Adam Ng and Huseyin Ozturk

Abstract

Events such as the ‘credit crunch’, ‘bank run’, ‘financial contagion’, ‘flight to quality’ and ‘systemic risks’ have widely transpired in recent times. One important dimension permeating these events is the dynamic link between macroeconomic shocks and banks’ behaviour. Economic crises experienced by five East Asian countries in the late 1990s were accompanied by financial sector problems. The Great Recession of the late 2000s also corresponded to heightened solvency risks affecting over-leveraged banks and financial institutions in many developed countries. In a world of imperfect information, adverse macroeconomic shocks could weaken firms’ balance sheets, diminish bank capital and trigger financial disintermediation. Positive shocks, on the contrary, could increase firms’ net worth and prompt additional bank lending. Understanding the nature of this interaction offers regulators, supervisors, firms and households valuable insights into the process of policymaking, financial intermediation and responding to boom and bust cycles in the economy.

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