Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management
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Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management

Second Edition

Edited by Chris Brewster, Wolfgang Mayrhofer and Elaine Farndale

This second, updated and extended edition of the Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management draws on the work of many of the world’s leading researchers in the field to present the state of the art to scholars, students and practitioners. The Handbook provides a detailed focus on the theoretical underpinnings of Comparative HRM, on comparative studies of specific areas of HRM practice and on the unique features of HRM in all the main regions of the world.
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Chapter 26: HRM in the Middle East

Pawan Budhwar and Kamel Mellahi


This chapter considers the impact on human resource management (HRM) of the major socio-political, economic, and security-related developments that have taken place in the Middle East and which are still unfolding. Particular attention is paid to the dominance of the Arab culture and of Islam in the region, whereby HRM systems are strongly governed by these principles. The authors contend that due to significant differences between the Middle East and other parts of the world (the ‘West’, in particular), foreign elements of management tend to be, at best, not conducive to the development of sound HRM practices in the region. They also caution that apparent similarities across the region are masking deep-set differences between nations.

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