Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management
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Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management

Second Edition

Edited by Chris Brewster, Wolfgang Mayrhofer and Elaine Farndale

This second, updated and extended edition of the Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management draws on the work of many of the world’s leading researchers in the field to present the state of the art to scholars, students and practitioners. The Handbook provides a detailed focus on the theoretical underpinnings of Comparative HRM, on comparative studies of specific areas of HRM practice and on the unique features of HRM in all the main regions of the world.
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Chapter 29: HRM in the Indian subcontinent

Pawan Budhwar, Arup Varma and Manjusha Hirekhan


This chapter presents the geographical and socio-economic context of the Indian subcontinent and discusses how relevant factors influence human resource management (HRM) practice in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan (including updated insights on each of these countries). The review of extant research emphasises the scarcity of HRM research across the region, and in particular a reliance on exploring the applicability of Western practice rather than understanding indigenous practice. Given the political and economic instability across much of this region, the authors note that this gives rise to major challenges for rapidly evolving HRM systems, where strategic HRM has yet to be recognised as a source of value for organisations.

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