Handbook of Employee Commitment
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Handbook of Employee Commitment

Edited by John P. Meyer

A high level of employee commitment holds particular value for organizations owing to its impact on organizational effectiveness and employee well-being. This Handbook provides an up-to-date review of theory and research pertaining to employee commitment in the workplace, outlining its value for both employers and employees and identifying key factors in its development, maintenance or decline. Including chapters from leading theorists and researchers from around the world, this Handbook presents cumulated and cutting-edge research exploring what commitment is, the different forms it can take, and how it is distinct from related concepts such as employee engagement, work motivation, embeddedness, the psychological contract, and organizational identification.
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Chapter 21: Strategic human resource management and organizational commitment

Kaifeng Jiang


Drawing upon the strategic human resource management (HRM) literature, this chapter provides a qualitative review of empirical research on the relationship between HRM systems and organizational commitment. It introduces the major theoretical perspectives explaining the HRM systems_organizational commitment relationship and summarizes the key findings of this relationship at different levels of analyses (unit level, cross-level, and individual level). The review shows that among the three types of organizational commitment, affective commitment has been most frequently studied in the strategic HRM research. It also shows that HRM systems intended to enhance employees’ knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs), motivation, and opportunities to perform are positively related to affective commitment which may further lead to employee behavioral outcomes and organizational performance outcomes. Based on the review, the chapter provides managerial implications about how to build organizational commitment by using HRM systems and discusses potential directions for future research on this topic.

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