Edited by Kris Bezdecny and Kevin Archer
Chapter 12: Planned to fail: Creating the Global South in American South communities
The increases in technology and mobility question previous urban/rural divides based on place. The Global South is a contemporary concept referring to developing nations serving as raw materials sites dominated by Global North governments and corporations (Wallerstein, 2013). This chapter examines three predominately African-American neighborhoods in the American South: Atlanta’s Summerhill, Birmingham’s North Birmingham, and New Orleans’s Lower Ninth Ward. Beginning with the communities’ historical development, this chapter examines the post–World War II planning efforts of urban renewal and Model Cities that led to the present-day situation of Global South communities in the American South. Drawing on Webber’s (1968) concept of the ‘post-city age’, this chapter shows how the previous era’s urban planning efforts coupled with present-day designs in which these communities bear the metro’s burdens from brownfields to stadiums results in a colonial situation similar to that found in the Global South.
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