Handbook of Emerging 21st-Century Cities
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Handbook of Emerging 21st-Century Cities

Edited by Kris Bezdecny and Kevin Archer

The majority of the world's population now live in cities, nearly a quarter of which boast populations of one million or more. The rise of globalisation has granted cities unprecedented significance, both politically and economically, leading to benefits and problems at national and international levels. The Handbook of Emerging 21st-Century Cities explores the changes that are occurring in cities, and the impacts that they are having, at the local, national and global scale.
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Chapter 12: Planned to fail: Creating the Global South in American South communities

William G. Holt


The increases in technology and mobility question previous urban/rural divides based on place. The Global South is a contemporary concept referring to developing nations serving as raw materials sites dominated by Global North governments and corporations (Wallerstein, 2013). This chapter examines three predominately African-American neighborhoods in the American South: Atlanta’s Summerhill, Birmingham’s North Birmingham, and New Orleans’s Lower Ninth Ward. Beginning with the communities’ historical development, this chapter examines the post–World War II planning efforts of urban renewal and Model Cities that led to the present-day situation of Global South communities in the American South. Drawing on Webber’s (1968) concept of the ‘post-city age’, this chapter shows how the previous era’s urban planning efforts coupled with present-day designs in which these communities bear the metro’s burdens from brownfields to stadiums results in a colonial situation similar to that found in the Global South.

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