Research Handbook on UN Sanctions and International Law
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Research Handbook on UN Sanctions and International Law

Edited by Larissa van den Herik

The 1990s have been labeled the ‘Sanctions Decade’, since they witnessed an unprecedented intensification of the use of collective non-military enforcement measures, and in particular sanctions, by the post-Cold War reactivated Security Council. This Research Handbook studies the current practice of UN sanctions in international law, their interrelationship with other regimes and substantive areas of law, as well as issues arising from their implementation and application at the domestic level.
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Chapter 21: UN sanctions and peace construction in West Africa

Jeremy I. Levitt


This survey examines the extent to which, if any, regional and UN actions endorsed or taken, respectively, under Article 41 of the UN Charter have influenced peace construction, namely the development of peace agreements in West Africa, with a particular emphasis on Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau. It broadly examines the extent to which the ‘civil strife’ regimes imposed on these countries have signaled, constrained or coerced individual, corporate and state behavior to prevent, manage or resolve conflict and restore the rule of law. Furthermore, this chapter inquires whether, when and in what context, new types of sanctions regimes may be emerging or needed such as those preoccupied with combatting economic crime and corruption and barring amnesty and human rights violators form participating in peace processes. Keywords sanctions, Africa, peace agreements, conflict management, united nations

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