Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship
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Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship

Edited by Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö and Francisco Liñán

Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship considers the role played by education, research, context and strategy in helping to grow entrepreneurial projects from the initial seed of an idea through to the fruition of success. This book is a wide-ranging examination of the influences on entrepreneurial activity that also asks new questions of entrepreneurship and opens new avenues of research. As such, it will become essential reading for academic researchers and entrepreneurial practitioners alike.
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Chapter 3: Validating a theory of planned behavior questionnaire to measure entrepreneurial intentions

Samuel Rueda, Juan A Moriano and Francisco Liñán


The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) has been widely employed to predict entrepreneurial intentions. The TPB offers a coherent and generally applicable theoretical framework, which enables us to understand and predict entrepreneurial intentions by taking into account not only personal but also social factors. This study presents the validation of an Entrepreneurial Intention Questionnaire (EIQ) in a sample of more than 3,000 Spanish university graduates. The EIQ comprises four subscales: attitudes towards entrepreneurship, subjective norms, self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention. Unlike other questionnaires used in the field, EIQ follows Ajzen’s methodological recommendations on how to construct a TPB questionnaire using composite measures of attitudes and subjective norms. Structural equation modeling (SEM) confirmed that the EIQ has a high reliability and validity to measure Spanish university graduates’ entrepreneurial intentions. Key words: Entrepreneurship; intention; questionnaire validation; attitudes; self-efficacy

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