Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship
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Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship

Edited by Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö and Francisco Liñán

Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship considers the role played by education, research, context and strategy in helping to grow entrepreneurial projects from the initial seed of an idea through to the fruition of success. This book is a wide-ranging examination of the influences on entrepreneurial activity that also asks new questions of entrepreneurship and opens new avenues of research. As such, it will become essential reading for academic researchers and entrepreneurial practitioners alike.
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Chapter 4: Developmental networks and entrepreneurial competence development: a survey of active and former junior entrepreneurs

Tina Gruber-Muecke and Norbert Kailer


In this study, we add the concept of Junior Entrepreneurship to the Entrepreneurship Education debate and investigate empirically how Junior Enterprises are related to the process of entrepreneurial competence development. We argue that this analysis is the missing piece in the debate on the impact of Entrepreneurship Education. We draw on the developmental network perspective to propose that competence development among Junior Enterprise members is influenced by both active and former Junior Enterprise members. By using empirical data from a European survey, we analyse how the cognitive, functional and behaviour-related competencies of Junior Entrepreneurs are linked to their entrepreneurial intention. Overall, our study repudiates the traditional mentoring perspective in favour of the developmental network perspective. Our results support the hypotheses that certain activities carried out in developmental networks such as Junior Enterprises influence individual competencies and thereby entrepreneurial intention but also underline the significant differences in the effect of different types of activities. Key words: Junior Enterprise, developmental networks, competence development, entrepreneurial intention

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