Handbook of Teaching and Learning in Tourism
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Handbook of Teaching and Learning in Tourism

Edited by Pierre Benckendorff and Anita Zehrer

This comprehensive Handbook provides an international perspective on contemporary issues and future directions in teaching and learning in tourism. Key topics include assurance of learning, development of skills, learning in the field, work integrated learning, sustainability and critical studies, internationalisation, technology enabled learning, links between teaching and research, and graduate student supervision. Within these topics attention is devoted to the discussion of curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, students, educators and trends and issues. The Handbook provides a valuable resource for understanding teaching and learning theory and practice in tourism.
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Chapter 3: The case for a return to the prevalence of examinations in student evaluation

J.E. (Joe) Barth


The use of written examinations in student evaluation has decreased over time, and most instructors have chosen other means of evaluation despite problems with group work, plagiarism and academic misconduct. Examinations have been shown to be an effective evaluative tool and motivate students to do well. The controlled environment provided by the examination process makes cheating more difficult and enhances the integrity of the evaluation system. Gaps between examination questions, course materials and classroom teaching undermine learning and reduce examination validity. Instructors can do many things to reduce examinations stress, increase the validity of examinations and improve students’ satisfaction with the examination itself. Two-stage, collaborative examinations show promising results for both student evaluation and enhanced learning. The positive attributes of examinations as an evaluation tool are further supported by the prevalence of academic misconduct, plagiarism and cheating found in other means of evaluation.

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