Handbook on In-Work Poverty
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Handbook on In-Work Poverty

Edited by Henning Lohmann and Ive Marx

There has been a rapid global expansion of academic and policy attention focusing on in-work poverty, acknowledging that across the world a large number of the poor are ‘working poor’. Taking a global and multi-disciplinary perspective, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of current research at the intersection between work and poverty.
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Chapter 22: The working poor in Chile during the period 1990–2013

Luis Maldonado, Joaquin Prieto and Juan Carlos Feres

Abstract

The chapter examines patterns of in-work poverty in contemporaneous Chilean society. The study presents in-depth information on institutional context and quantitative analysis from the National Socioeconomic Characterization Survey (CASEN) for the period 1990–2013. Cross-national comparisons indicate a significant incidence of working poverty in Chile. The authors associate this pattern with characteristics of the Chilean institutional contexts, mainly significant labor informality, strong labor market regulations and a welfare system based on mean-testing and a conservative male-breadwinner model. Micro-analysis with household survey data for 2013 provides evidence in favor of these associations. Furthermore, longitudinal analysis of the period 1990–2013 indicates that strong welfare retrenchments during the 1990s are associated with increases in in-work poverty, but only when relative measures are used. Results based on absolute poverty indicate a negative trend with stagnation in recent years. On the basis of the findings, the authors suggest implications for policy and research.

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