Handbook on In-Work Poverty
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Handbook on In-Work Poverty

Edited by Henning Lohmann and Ive Marx

There has been a rapid global expansion of academic and policy attention focusing on in-work poverty, acknowledging that across the world a large number of the poor are ‘working poor’. Taking a global and multi-disciplinary perspective, this Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of current research at the intersection between work and poverty.
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Chapter 25: In-work poverty in three East Asian welfare states

Chung-Yang Yeh and Jen-Der Lue


In-work poverty (IWP) has emerged as a critical issue in the East Asian welfare states (Japan, Korea and Taiwan) during the past two decades. However, a comparative lens to empirically study IWP in East Asian economies is absent due to the lack of a comparable database. The authors argue that three East Asian welfare states have different patterns of IWP due to different patterns of capitalist structure and labour market. This chapter uses the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) to show different patterns of IWP in East Asia. Japan and Korea adopted a series of social policies, including activation and family policies, under the umbrella of social investment, although in the contexts of different political discourses and trajectories. By contrast, only a few temporary policy measures were introduced to help the working poor in Taiwan.

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