Edited by Gregor Gall
Chapter 8: Employers and their representatives: discretion, power, markets and managers in the transformation of twenty-first-century work
This chapter first reviews the rise of long-term employment relationships as part of the creation of the modern business enterprise from the late nineteenth century through to the middle of the twentieth century. This is followed with a discussion of challenges these enterprises faced with changing legal conditions, rising labour militancy, and rapidly changing business conditions in the later twentieth century. Next, it discusses the rise of the ‘gig economy’ or short-term employment using contingent workers, and evaluates the extent of the change in employment and social conditions. Finally, it concludes with some suggestions of appropriate policy responses to these economic changes.
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