Handbook of Universities and Regional Development
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Handbook of Universities and Regional Development

Edited by Attila Varga and Katalin Erdős

The Handbook on Universities and Regional Development offers a comprehensive and up-to-date insight into how academic institutions spur their surroundings. The volume sheds light on universities as regional development actors from a historical perspective by introducing institutional changes and discussing the interrelatedness of society, business and academia. It provides detailed investigations on various knowledge transfer mechanisms to help understand the diverse ways through which ideas and intellectual property can flow between universities and businesses. Detailed case studies from three continents (Europe, Asia, and America) demonstrate the highly contextual nature of the interactions between academia, industry and government.
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Chapter 16: Progress of academic knowledge-based entrepreneurship in three minor post-Soviet economies

Annamária Inzelt

Abstract

The commercialization of research has been high on the agenda since the beginning of transition in post-Soviet minor economies. The academic spin-offs are one of the channels by which university-derived technologies can be commercialized. This analytical chapter focuses on how progress in the transformation of an economic environment may support or burden the creation and nurturing of academic start-ups and, especially, of spin-offs. After providing an overview of the framework conditions, it investigates the presence and role of science and technology parks for knowledge-based start-ups /spin offs. Through spin-off formation we could observe few impacts of universities on the regional economy. The over-centralised system of the Soviet republics made metropolitan areas more scientific / innovative than the other regions. Nowadays each independent country makes efforts to develop their regional innovation systems outside the metropolitan areas. In each investigated countries we can find seeds of one or two potentially innovative regions.

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