Handbook on Science and Public Policy
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Handbook on Science and Public Policy

Edited by Dagmar Simon, Stefan Kuhlmann, Julia Stamm and Weert Canzler

This Handbook assembles state-of-the-art insights into the co-evolutionary and precarious relations between science and public policy. Beyond this, it also offers a fresh outlook on emerging challenges for science (including technology and innovation) in changing societies, and related policy requirements, as well as the challenges for public policy in view of science-driven economic, societal, and cultural changes. In short, this book deals with science as a policy-triggered project as well as public policy as a science-driven venture.
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Chapter 13: New forms of policy expertise

Holger Strassheim and Weert Canzler

Abstract

This chapter focuses on new and emerging forms of policy expertise. We argue that arrangements at the interface between science and policy have undergone significant changes over the past decades. Complex problems are forcing actors to search for alternative modes of interaction. Discursive coalitions and instrument constituencies emerge and solidify as they are grouping around new instruments of knowledge production. Both the fragmentation and the re-combination of authority lead to a diversified landscape of expertise. More recent research has identified multiple mechanisms fuelling this expansionary dynamic. By looking more closely at some of these forms of policy expertise in the areas of energy and mobility policy, we aim at tracing and reviewing these mechanisms. Research should get a better understanding of the possibilities of what we call ‘disruptive expertise’, that is, actors causing disturbances in firmly established structures of policy-making by identifying challenges where existing solutions are already taken for granted.

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