Handbook of Behavioral and Cognitive Geography
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Handbook of Behavioral and Cognitive Geography

Edited by Daniel R. Montello

This comprehensive Handbook summarizes existing work and presents new concepts and empirical results from leading scholars in the multidisciplinary field of behavioral and cognitive geography, the study of the human mind, and activity in and concerning space, place, and environment. It provides the broadest and most inclusive coverage of the field so far, including work relevant to human geography, cartography, and geographic information science.
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Chapter 20: Artificial intelligence and behavioral geography

Paul M. Torrens


The fields of artificial intelligence and behavioral geography have often focused their inquisitive potential on similar topics of interest. In particular, there are many aspects of spatial intelligence that are expressed in behavioral geography that can be automated in artificial intelligence (AI), so that they can be performed at scale, exhaustively, and with precision. There are also many facets of AI that are useful in helping us to frame and explore our own behavior and that of human and social phenomena around us. In this chapter, I explore the evolving relationship between AI and behavioral geography, beginning with its early origins in efforts to automate tasks that require behavioral geography. Following this, I will discuss the move of both geography and AI to the Web, as part of the development of geographic information systems and the Semantic Web. I will conclude with an examination of the current state of AI and behavioral geography, particularly as it relates to developments in mobile and human-centered computing and the growing sophistication of machine-based intelligence that relies on geographic information in large volume and with fine resolution, on spatial awareness, on spatial knowledge, and on spatial skills.

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