Handbook of Behavioral and Cognitive Geography
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Handbook of Behavioral and Cognitive Geography

Edited by Daniel R. Montello

This comprehensive Handbook summarizes existing work and presents new concepts and empirical results from leading scholars in the multidisciplinary field of behavioral and cognitive geography, the study of the human mind, and activity in and concerning space, place, and environment. It provides the broadest and most inclusive coverage of the field so far, including work relevant to human geography, cartography, and geographic information science.
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Chapter 22: The future of behavioral and cognitive geography: a coda

Roger M. Downs


What might we know about human spatial behavior in the future? To answer this question, we need to sort through ideas to decide which research approaches are desirable in theory and consider data sources to decide which approaches are feasible in practice. The sorting process is based on the Rumsfeldian ontology of knowledge categories of known knowns, known unknowns, and unknown unknowns. This framework guides a discussion of what we do know about spatial behavior, what we might want to know about it, and how we might come to know it. The discussions result in two imperatives critical to the future of behavioral and cognitive geography: identification of new or reframed concepts that can generate interesting questions, and introduction of technologies that can generate opportunities for collecting and/or analyzing data.

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